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Papageno, who are you?

Papageno is half man and half bird, loves wine, women and music and is the secret star of Mozart’s Magic Flute. In this blog post you will learn more about Papageno and his role in perhaps Mozart’s most famous opera.

What you will read in this article:

Papageno briefly introduced

Papageno is a character from Mozart's opera The Magic Flute. He is half man and half bird.

Papageno is in the service of the Queen of the Night, for whom he catches birds. In return, he receives daily food and drink from the queen, and not in short supply: he is allowed to fill his stomach with wine and sugar bread.

The bird catcher loves good food, cosiness, peace and quiet. That’s why he would actually have no problem continuing this life until the end of his days…

Loneliness and excitement

…if there were not two reasons against it:

  1. He is lonely. For a long time, Papageno has been looking for a partner with whom he would like to have dozens of children.
  2. At the beginning of The Magic Flute, Tamino, a young prince, breaks into Papageno’s more or less ideal world. This is the trigger for the homely bird catcher to be drawn into a cascade of adventures, which is actually far too much for his simple mind.

Papageno's role in The Magic Flute

Mozart provides Papageno with an unusually large number of musical numbers in The Magic Flute. The reason for this, however, is probably not purely musical.

Emanuel Schikaneder, the librettist of The Magic Flute, played the role of Papageno himself in the premiere on 30 September 1791. Schikaneder was both the person who had commissioned the opera from Mozart and the director of the Vienna Freihaustheater, where the premiere took place.

Papageno Emanuel Schikaneder
Emanuel Schikaneder as Papageno.

Even in Mozart’s day, composers were obviously well advised not to scare away their patrons. So what could be more obvious than to write the role of the bird catcher for Schikaneder?

Even if you are not a regular opera-goer, you have certainly heard Papageno’s musical numbers before. His introductory aria, for example, is famous…

…just like his duet with Papagena at the end of the opera:

Roderick Williams, Christina Gansch, The Royal Opera House Covent Garden

Papageno and Papagena? Of course! After surviving numerous adventures, Papageno is rewarded: he finds his partner in Papagena, who is also half-man, half-bird.


Papageno was central to the resounding success of The Magic Flute because he offered the audience at the premiere in 1791 the opportunity to identify with him.

The people who went to the Freihaustheater in Vienna at that time were not members of the upper class – the upper class went to the Court Opera.

It was the common people who first saw The Magic Flute. Therefore, an entertaining character living the simple life was most welcome.

Papageno carved in stone

Now you have made the acquaintance of Papageno. Should you ever be in Vienna, you can even admire the dazzling bird catcher in a stone embodiment.

Papageno Tor Wien
The Papagenotor, a side portal of the Theater an der Wien. © Zyance, CC BY-SA 2.5 , via Wikimedia Commons.

The side portal of the Theater an der Wien shows Emanuel Schikaneder in his feathered costume. Surrounding him, how could it be otherwise, is a whole flock of bird children.

Because of the prominent depiction of Papageno, the name Papagenotor has been adopted for the side portal of the Theater an der Wien. This sight is a real insider tip thanks to its inconspicuousness and somewhat hidden location.

Jonathan Stark – Conductor
Jonathan Stark – Conductor

Hello! I'm Jonathan Stark. As a conductor, it is important to me that visits to concerts and operas leave a lasting impression on the audience. Background knowledge helps to achieve this. That's why I blog here about key works of classical music, about composers, about opera and much more that happens in the exciting world of music.

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This Post Has 4 Comments

  1. Barbara Schilling

    Deine Seite ist einfach nur klasse!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    Nachdem unser Traditionsverein ( seit 1844) wieder einen jungen Dirigenten hat, suchen wir nach neuen Wegen um Musizier- und Singbegeisterte zu finden.

  2. Leonie Dehne

    Danke für deinen Beitrag & deine Mühen! Finde ich einfach klasse

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